Inventory management has been a much-discussed topic in this industry for years. It's been the subject of several columns over the past few months, but almost always from the publisher's perspective. There's another side to inventory management, one I'm not sure many people are really thinking about yet. We're facing a large, looming saturation problem.
The first time I heard this issue well articulated was at Avenue A's Las Vegas Summit earlier this year. A marketing director from WeightWatchers.com told the audience that though the company wanted to increase online ad spend, it's instead shifting more of its marketing budget to TV because its online programs reached the "saturation" point. As I listened, I wondered how that could be. The Web delivers hundreds of billions of page views every month to 140 million U.S. consumers. We can't possibly be already bumping the ceiling of available inventory. It can't be possible WeightWatchers.com is at the point where it already regularly reaches all these online consumers.
I was again reminded of the issue this week, Advertising Week here in New York. I've ran into no less than half a dozen folks from the buy side who wanted to talk about their own saturation problems.
Increasingly, large online advertising buyers can't cost-effectively buy enough audience reach. Publishers have an "inventory problem" in that 20 percent of their audiences generate 80 percent of page views. Buyers find the problem is just being passed on them.
It seems that for large online ad buyers in particular, 80 percent of their campaign frequency goes to only 20 percent of their target audience. That 20 percent audience share is becoming saturated with messages from the top online advertisers. There's almost no way to effectively segregate, buy, and deliver audience-coordinated campaigns across multiple publishers, portals, and networks. As a result, every time the buyers try to extend their reach, they end up receiving more frequency against that saturated 20 percent.
This means lots of wasted impressions -- and lots of wasted money.
This problem is only going to get worse as marketers try to grow their online budgets and shift more of their focus into online ad programs. Here's how the problem is managed today:
None of the above solutions is very exact or offers much long-term scale on its own. This is a problem the industry must sort out. Otherwise, saturation could become a significant bottleneck on our growth.
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