The dominance and ubiquity of smartphones in today's culture is almost cliché at this point. Just a few years ago we were working to convince VPs and C-level executives that mobile was the next big thing, and now we have to work to pull their attention away from their smartphones during meetings. So why is mobile search marketing still such a challenge for so many brands, agencies, and even the search engines themselves?
The Reasons Search Marketing Works
Let's start by examining why traditional search marketing (both paid and organic) has been such an effective channel on non-mobile devices:
The Mobile Challenge
The problem with mobile stems from the fact that while smartphones resemble computers, users interact with them in completely different ways. The above three strengths of search marketing don't completely apply to the mobile space, and both advertisers and the search engines are all too often trying to force mobile search into the same constraints and format as desktop search.
Screen size is the most obvious difference. The SERPs on mobile phones contain much less information simply because there's less real estate available. For paid search, if you're not in the top two positions, you're effectively not participating, and Google's struggle with smartphone CPCs over the past few years is a key factor in the recent changes rolled out with Enhanced Campaigns.
Tracking issues are another big problem. There are still gaps in smartphone conversion tracking from site analytics and third-party cookies, and the elusive challenge of cross-device tracking is still a major missing piece (though Google is reportedly very close to rolling out a solution).
Outside of these purely technical issues, the fact remains that mobile users are often simply looking to take different actions. While some will click through and convert on their phones, others are looking for a phone number, store hours, or an address. All of these actions have value, but the world of search marketing is so entrenched in hard data and trackability that many marketers simply aren't prepared to quantify and assign value to these other actions. Some marketers view these other interaction points almost like an excuse instead of a success metric - "We didn't see any direct conversions, and ROI is low, but 60,000 people saw your store address…which I guess is valuable, right?"
The Future: New Formats, New Features
In reaction to these challenges, the search engines and device manufacturers are testing a variety of new approaches to mobile search, each of which has advantages and drawbacks for marketers when compared to the above list of traditional search marketing strengths.
Voice search. While this solution keeps the strength of real-time intent, the results the user receives after her search are problematic. Many voice search tools simply deliver the user to a mobile search results page, which as described above limits advertiser opportunity. Google is exploring another solution with "cards" that provide basic answers via quick snippets of data from the Knowledge Graph (as seen on Google Glass). While cards provide a great user experience, Google will be hard pressed to replicate the paid result/natural results dichotomy that makes traditional SERPs so effective within the limited screen space and focused information provided by cards - and it remains to be seen if Google has any idea how to monetize this format.
Proactive analysis. Google Now uses your account data, location history, and past searches to predict what you'd like to know - weather, traffic on your route home, good restaurants when you're traveling - and then proactively provides this information. While these results are well-targeted, their usefulness as marketing tools is more limited than traditional search, as they remove the key expressed need (via a search query) and "moment of truth" intent that makes search marketing so effective. They're much more akin to a targeted display program.
New secondary signals. The new Moto X phone's "Moto Assist" feature is a great example of this approach, which uses constantly tracked secondary signals to infer what the user is doing and respond accordingly. While I'm a huge fan of leveraging secondary signals in paid search, it remains to be seen what kind of access to these new data points Google will provide marketers - and the SERP/output challenge still remains.
The classic format of typing a query and reviewing a SERP is going to seem very quaint within the next few years. Smart advertisers won't just build a mobile search strategy for today's formats - they'll pay close attention to how their customers are searching and interacting with their mobile devices to ensure they're present for every opportunity to respond to their customer's needs.
Image on home page via Shutterstock.
Meet Your Favorite ClickZ Contributors
Many of ClickZ's leading expert contributors will be at ClickZ Live, the new online and digital marketing event kicking off in New York (March 31-April 3). Hear from the likes of: Jeremy Hull, Lisa Raehsler, Andrew Goodman, Bryan Eisenberg, Mathew Sweezey, Aaron Kahlow, Stephanie Miller, Simms Jenkins, Jeanne S. Jennings, Dave Hendricks and more!
A recognized leader in the search marketing space, Jeremy keeps iProspect's search teams on the forefront of new technology and industry developments. A passionate champion for digital advertisers, he strategically gains clients placement in many alpha and beta tests with search, display media, and tracking partners. Hull provides paid search strategy for all iProspect teams in the United States, and also collaborates with iProspect offices around the globe. A regular speaker at tradeshows such as SES and SMX, he has also written articles for Search Engine Watch, ClickZ, MediaPost, SES Magazine, and the annual Internet Retailer Search Marketing Guide.
Over the past eight years, Hull has provided campaign analysis and strategic direction to iProspect clients including General Motors, adidas, Neiman Marcus, The Gap, Hilton Worldwide, Cole Haan, Mandarin Oriental Hotel Group, Timberland, and many other leading brands. He was instrumental in taking Nike's successful domestic online marketing campaigns international with Nike EMEA.
March 19, 2014