Branding is all about creating icons. And icons are all about public familiarity.
When an image becomes intelligible — when it becomes part of the community’s and individual’s visual literacy — it can communicate complex values in a radically abbreviated fashion, condensing the essence of a brand’s message into an articulate, instantly comprehended image.
Those white-toothed, always-smiling, perfectly tanned, under-20 boys and girls are recognizably part of Coca-Cola’s (and others’) iconography. They communicate energetic sociability, peer acceptance, and inclusive activity. Such group-driven values appeal to the desire for acceptance that motivates a major part of the market and locates the brand within consumerism’s “cool” hierarchy.
Then there’s that most masculine of icons, the Marlboro Man, an image that pithily stands for freedom and virile self-determination. The roll call of such classic marketing icons, established decades ago, is a long one.
But a new generation of icons has appeared on the commercial scene. And their chief characteristic is that they appeal to increasingly younger audiences.
They’re Getting Younger and Younger
This new thrust started with New Kids on the Block (NKOTB). You might barely recall them. The world’s first “boy band” appeared suddenly, succeeded rapidly, then disappeared with equal speed. Its audience was not a general one, such as male and female consumers over 18. Clearly, its audience was female and composed predominantly of much younger people: those about 12 years old.
Another boy band, Take That, followed quickly on the heels of NKOTB’s success, but with two differences: Take That attracted an even younger audience, and it enjoyed a longer life. You’ve got the picture. They’re all coming to mind now, I bet. Boyzone, Westlife, 98 Degrees, Backstreet Boys, and many more followed. And they all attracted younger and younger audiences. Really young girls were swept up in the brand-driven fan rush, with parents succumbing to the trend and taking kids as young as five to their first concerts.
Years ago, marketing experts opined that BARBIE. would never appeal to an audience younger than 10. After all, such innocents were surely too immature and socially naive to perceive and become hooked on the Barbie image, composed as it is of a plethora of social values (including acceptability, desirability, fashion consciousness, and popularity) powerfully abbreviated within, and communicated by, the icon. But Barbie broke through the notional age barrier and cut its audience’s lower-age limit to under seven.
So Back to Branding
It’s no surprise that our youngsters have been quietly dragged along in the brainwashing wake. After all, this is an age in which the consumer has, through decades of advertising industry activity, developed a challengingly high level of commercial, visual, and iconographic literacy. As a consequence the most prosaic product’s message has to be devised with excruciating sophistication if it’s to be heeded. Therefore, even two-year-olds will not be insensible to the message of the ubiquitous and eloquent golden arches, even when they spy that icon from a fast-moving vehicle.
That world-famous symbol along with the reportedly second-most famous face in the world (after Santa Claus) speaks volumes to the youngest among us, and the message is McDonald’s. Now more than ever, the children of the household dictate what products go into the shopping cart every week and what treats might befall them between shopping trips.
Yep. We’re dealing with an up-and-coming generation of icon readers who are blessed, or cursed, with a level of commercial literacy like we’ve never seen before. These kindergartners will demand even more sophisticated commercial communications than we’ve been familiar with to date. Without their help, we’ll find difficulty in developing commercial communications to meet their expectations, harness their attention, and retain their loyalty.
And here’s the thing. It’s vital to remember the underlying value of a powerful icon: It can engender outstanding loyalty. This loyalty, if taken good care of, can thrive for decades and become the link between a product and its dramatically changing audience.
Even though Boyzone no longer exists, eBay, Yahoo, and other online auction sites still trade Boyzone merchandising. Strange? You only have to consider grownups’ relationships with ABBA, the Beatles, or Elvis Presley to realize that the loyalty those figures earned from us during our tender years lives on in our nostalgia, through force of habit… in all the corners of our memory and mentality that define our self-identities.
Let’s not forget the lessons from our own personal experiences. Here’s my best advice on how to learn from them: Keep a close eye on the kids. Play with them, observe them, notice their tolerances, values, and motivations. Get in tune with them. You might just discover the secret behind not only true icon development but also the development of loyalty-creating icons.
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